Do you know what INCUP is? The combination of Interest, Novelty, Challenge, Urgency, and Passion. So how does INCUP help with and motivates people with ADHD?
- Interest: When people with ADHD are engaged in activities that interest them, they are more likely to be motivated and focused. By identifying their unique interests and passions, they can direct their attention towards pursuits that hold their attention and help to manage their symptoms. Identifying a person’s interests and passions can be a key factor in helping them manage their ADHD symptoms. When someone is engaged in an activity that they are truly interested in, they are more likely to be focused, motivated, and less impulsive. For example, someone who is interested in art might benefit from taking an art class, or someone who is interested in nature might benefit from going on regular hikes.
- Novelty: Introducing new and novel elements into activities can help to keep people with ADHD engaged and motivated. This can help to combat boredom, increase attention, and reduce impulsivity. This can be done by introducing new tools, materials, or techniques, or by exploring new and different environments. For example, a person might try a new sport or hobby, or change up their daily routine by taking a different route to work.
- Challenge: Setting challenging but achievable goals can help to motivate people with ADHD to stay focused and engaged. The sense of accomplishment that comes with meeting a challenge can be particularly motivating for this population. However, it’s important to ensure that the challenge is achievable, so that the person doesn’t become discouraged. For example, a person might take on a challenging project at work or set a goal to learn a new skill.
- Urgency: Creating a sense of urgency around completing tasks can help to motivate people with ADHD. This can be done by setting deadlines, using timers, or breaking down larger projects into smaller, more manageable tasks. This can be done by setting deadlines, using timers, or breaking down larger projects into smaller, more manageable tasks. For example, a person might set a deadline for completing a project or the use of a timer (see Pomodoro method) to stay focused during a task.
- Passion: Pursuing passions and interests can be especially motivating for people with ADHD. By engaging in activities that they are truly passionate about, they can direct their energy and attention towards something that is meaningful to them. This can help to improve their overall well-being and reduce symptoms of ADHD. For example, someone who is passionate about music might benefit from playing an instrument, or someone who is passionate about cooking might benefit from trying out new recipes.
Overall, the five elements of INCUP can be used to help people with ADHD stay motivated, focused, and engaged in their pursuits. By incorporating these elements into their daily activities, they can improve their attention, reduce impulsivity, and manage their symptoms in a more positive and effective way.
But INCUP is not alone – there are several well-known frameworks used to help individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. Some of the most commonly used frameworks include:
- Executive Functioning Skills: Executive functioning skills refer to the mental processes that are responsible for planning, organizing, initiating, and completing tasks. People with ADHD often struggle with these skills, which can make it difficult for them to manage their daily lives. There are various frameworks and tools available to help individuals with ADHD improve their executive functioning skills, such as creating to-do lists, breaking down tasks into smaller steps, and using calendars and reminders.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is a type of therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. It has been shown to be effective in treating a variety of mental health conditions, including ADHD. CBT can help individuals with ADHD improve their self-esteem, reduce impulsiveness, and manage symptoms such as inattention and hyperactivity.
- Mindfulness: Mindfulness is a form of meditation that involves focusing on the present moment without judgment. It has been shown to be effective in reducing stress and anxiety and can help individuals with ADHD to be more focused and present in the moment.
- Mind Mapping: Mind mapping is a visual tool that can help individuals with ADHD to better organize their thoughts and ideas. It involves creating a diagram that represents the relationships between different ideas and concepts. Mind mapping can help people with ADHD to focus their attention, prioritize tasks, and improve their memory.
- Time Management Techniques: People with ADHD often struggle with time management, which can lead to disorganization, procrastination, and stress. There are several time management techniques that can help individuals with ADHD to be more productive and efficient, such as creating a daily schedule, using timers, and breaking down tasks into smaller steps.
We focused on ADHD here, but in addition to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), several other conditions that have symptoms similar to ADHD and may be helped by the use of these frameworks include:
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD): ADD is a subtype of ADHD that is characterized by inattentiveness and difficulty focusing, but without significant hyperactivity or impulsiveness.
- Dyslexia: Dyslexia is a learning disorder that affects an individual’s ability to read and comprehend written text. It can be accompanied by symptoms similar to ADHD, such as difficulty paying attention, forgetfulness, and impulsiveness.
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behavior. It can be accompanied by symptoms similar to ADHD, such as inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.
- Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a condition characterized by defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior towards authority figures. It can be accompanied by symptoms similar to ADHD, such as impulsiveness and difficulty focusing.
- Anxiety Disorders: Anxiety Disorders are a group of mental health conditions characterized by excessive worry, fear, and stress. Some individuals with anxiety disorders may also experience symptoms similar to ADHD, such as restlessness, impulsiveness, and difficulty paying attention.
These frameworks and techniques can be adapted and used to help individuals with these and other conditions manage their symptoms and improve their overall quality of life. It’s important to work with a mental health professional to determine the best approach for each individual’s unique needs and circumstances.