10X developer? I know one better: Twice Exceptional

The 2024 Twice Exceptional Conference hosted by Quad Prep featured a comprehensive program including seminars, panels, and discussions led by educational leaders, twice-exceptional advocates, and clinical professionals. Notable speakers included Dr. Joy Lawson Davis, a gifted education expert, and Dr. Ellen Braaten, recipient of the 2024 Nancy Tarshis Fellowship and Associate Professor at Harvard Medical School. The speaker lineup was diverse, encompassing professionals from various fields, such as media and finance, educators, clinicians, and other influential figures committed to building a more neuroinclusive world – and also me 😀

Quad Prep is dedicated to advancing 2e education and provides a model for others to replicate. Their annual gala is a significant fundraising event that supports their mission. The school was initially founded by Kim Busi and a group of parents to address the needs of twice-exceptional students, combining support for their special needs with nurturing their academic gifts. The Quad Prep has grown considerably since its inception, impacting not just its students but the broader academic community as well.

Overall, the conference and the school’s initiatives highlight their commitment to enhancing educational opportunities for twice-exceptional individuals, encouraging a future that is inclusive and supportive of neurodiversity. So how come I to the picture?

But let me first summarize Dr. Ellen Braaten’s session. For my better understanding of the whole platform, in her keynote, she contributed significantly with her insights on fostering motivation and understanding in children, particularly those who are neurodiverse. Her approach emphasized the importance of nurturing children’s intrinsic motivation and understanding their unique strengths and challenges.

Dr. Braaten’s perspective is centered on the concept that children should be engaged in activities that they enjoy and are good at, rather than being forced into areas that don’t align with their abilities or interests. This approach can help prevent feelings of demotivation and disengagement. She introduced the idea of “ma-laziness,” a term reflecting a state of demotivation that can occur when children are overwhelmed or disengaged, often due to mismatched expectations or societal pressures.

A key aspect of Dr. Braaten’s message was the balance between encouraging children to stick with activities and recognizing when it is appropriate for them to quit. She suggested setting clear goals and expectations for activities, and maintaining open communication to understand a child’s motivation or reasons for wanting to quit. This approach allows children to explore their interests while also learning to make commitments.

Dr. Braaten also highlighted the importance of understanding the root causes of apathy in children, which can stem from high-stress environments, overwhelming schedules, or a lack of clarity in personal interests. She underlined the significance of three elements in fostering intrinsic motivation: aptitude, pleasure, and practice (APP). Aptitude involves understanding a child’s unique strengths and abilities, pleasure focuses on the joy derived from activities, and practice emphasizes the importance of independent exploration and growth.

Her approach to fostering a growth mindset in children involves reframing challenges as opportunities and providing constructive feedback focused on effort and curiosity. By supporting open communication and celebrating their child’s achievements and efforts, parents can empower their children to lead fulfilling lives driven by genuine joy and curiosity.

Dr. Braaten’s insights at the conference aligned closely with her broader work and philosophy, which has been impactful in the field of child psychology and education, particularly regarding twice-exceptional children​​​​.

So, in summary, for me, Dr. Ellen Braaten’s opening keynote at the Twice Exceptional Conference was a significant highlight, offering attendees an exceptional opportunity to delve into her journey around neurodiversity and processing speed impediments. As a renowned expert in the field, Dr. Braaten’s insights are invaluable for those interested in understanding the complexities of twice-exceptional children and the challenges they face, particularly in terms of processing speed. Her extensive work and research in this area make her a vital source of knowledge and guidance for educators, parents, and clinicians alike.

The conference’s setting at the historic Cooper Union stage added an extra layer of significance to the event. This iconic venue has been a platform for many notable figures throughout history, including Abraham Lincoln, whose famed Cooper Union address had a profound impact. Speaking on this stage, Dr. Braaten and other presenters were part of a legacy of influential minds who have shared their ideas in this renowned space. For attendees and speakers alike, being at Cooper Union represented not just a chance to engage in contemporary discussions on education and neurodiversity but also to connect with a rich historical tradition of thought leadership and public discourse. This backdrop provided an inspiring and thought-provoking environment for all involved in the conference​​​​​​.

So, why the title? The concept of a “10X developer,” often used to describe a software developer who is ten times more productive than the average, can be a useful metaphor when thinking about twice-exceptional (2e) individuals. 2e individuals possess a unique combination of exceptional ability alongside a learning difference or disability. This combination often leads to a distinct set of skills and perspectives that can far exceed typical expectations, just as a 10X developer does in the tech world.

Twice-exceptional individuals are capable of remarkable achievements precisely because of their unique cognitive profiles. They often exhibit extraordinary creativity, problem-solving abilities, and innovative thinking. However, their learning differences, such as ADHD or dyslexia, mean they may approach problems and learning in ways that differ from the norm. This divergence can lead to unique insights and breakthroughs that others might overlook.

Understanding and supporting 2e individuals, whether in education or the workplace, requires recognizing and nurturing their extraordinary talents while accommodating and addressing their challenges. When their needs are met, twice-exceptional individuals have the potential to make significant contributions, leveraging their exceptional abilities in tandem with their unique approach to thinking and learning. In many ways, they embody the concept of being ‘one better’ than a 10X developer by combining exceptional talent with a distinctive approach to problem-solving and creativity.

The acknowledgment and appreciation of twice-exceptional individuals is a critical aspect of creating inclusive and productive environments in both educational settings and the professional world. By focusing on their strengths and providing the necessary support for their challenges, we can unlock the incredible potential of these extraordinary minds​​​​.

So, about our session now. I was joined by Humberto Reboredo, Denise Chow, Julie Collins and Marny Rodriguez, to talk about our work and our approach to caregivers, people who are 2e themselves, and more. Our panel was called “Culture of Care in the Workplace: Supporting Employees with Neurodiverse Children at Morgan Stanley“, each of us themselves involved in the “Enable Employee Network”, and supporting various workstreams there – I talked about our internal ‘Coffee Connect’ platform matching people based on common topics for a quick coffee, our Mentorship platform that does the same for longer collaborations, the FSI Autism Hackathon, the Accessibility Hackathon, and more. Also I shared overcompensation and the act of masking that many neurodivergent individuals do to fit in the workplace – and how this carries over to caregivers. “If you make the extra effort you take regarding your children invisible, you might run into the situation that you won’t get help from your colleagues or managers, as they don’t know you need help and you end up burnt out. Speak up – you would be surprised how many people would be willing to help you.”. I also spoke about bad experiences at previous workplaces, the different global workstreams of the network (physical, invisible, caregivers, philanthropy), and my role in the ‘invisible’ workstream, and more. We invited a special company to join us outside the room – we invited Invictus Bakery. They are a company, who is a community partner for us, dedicated to inclusive employment opportunities.

Overall, it was an amazing experiment and I am looking forward to do similar events in the future as well 🙂

AzurePolicyAutomator: Streamlining Azure Compliance and Management

In today’s fast-paced technological era, cloud computing has become a cornerstone for businesses and organizations around the globe. With this evolution, one of the most significant challenges faced by these entities is ensuring consistent compliance within their cloud infrastructure. This is particularly true for Microsoft Azure, one of the leading cloud service platforms. To tackle this challenge, an innovative solution has emerged in the form of the AzurePolicyAutomator. Developed by Eric Mannon and hosted on GitHub, this tool is rapidly gaining recognition for its ability to streamline compliance management in Azure environments.

The AzurePolicyAutomator stands out for its ability to automate Azure Policy Remediation Tasks, a feature that is essential for maintaining a state of continuous compliance. It operates on a 12-hour cycle, consistently checking and ensuring that Azure resources are in compliance with set policies. One of the key features of the AzurePolicyAutomator is its use of the Azure Policy Deploy-If-Not-Exists (DINE) feature. This functionality allows for the automated deployment of policies and ensures that compliance is consistent across all Azure resources. This aspect is particularly critical in scenarios where resources might be offline or have been inadvertently altered, posing a risk to the compliance posture of the organization.

The deployment process of the AzurePolicyAutomator is meticulously designed for maximum efficiency and robust governance within Azure environments. It utilizes an Azure Automation Account along with a User Managed Identity, ensuring a secure and streamlined implementation. This tool is a significant advancement in the realm of Azure cloud management, simplifying complex tasks and enhancing security.

For those interested in a more in-depth exploration of the AzurePolicyAutomator, the tool’s GitHub repository provides detailed information and guides.

Beyond its basic functionality, the AzurePolicyAutomator enhances several core functionalities within Azure. It is adept at preventing undesired configurations through its Deny & DenyAction effects. Additionally, it plays a crucial role in auditing by continuously assessing JSON configurations for all types of Azure resources. Managing changes in the state of resources is also streamlined through its use of DeployIfNotExists, Mutate, and Modify effects. These DINE policies are powerful tools in ensuring compliance, but they traditionally required manual intervention for the creation of remediation tasks to reevaluate compliance. This is where the AzurePolicyAutomator revolutionizes the process by automating the evaluation of all policy assignments and executing remediation tasks across Azure subscriptions every 12 hours. This automation ensures that policies are consistently reapplied, maintaining resource compliance and significantly reducing the possibility of manual errors.

In conclusion, the AzurePolicyAutomator is not just a tool; it’s a paradigm shift in how Azure governance is approached. By automating crucial aspects of policy management and compliance, it simplifies the operational complexities and enhances the security and efficiency of Azure cloud management. As cloud computing continues to evolve, tools like the AzurePolicyAutomator will play an increasingly vital role in enabling organizations to navigate this landscape more effectively.

Join the 7th Annual Financial Services Autism Hackathon

The last few years, many companies had great participation last year and we would love to see you participate this year. I wanted to extend an invitation to those of you who are interested, for the Financial Services Autism Hackathon this year. It is an event where you get to put your skills to work for those with profound autism. The event is a hybrid event being held on April 3rd and 4th with the mission to bring FSI developers together to demonstrate how innovative Microsoft technologies can transform autism services for profound autism by tackling real world use cases provided by families and creating lasting open-source projects for the community.

Register Here

We are excited about this year’s event with the focus on AI and all the promise it holds to transform services for those in need. Participants will learn about the challenges facing those with profound autism and will have the opportunity to get hands on with the latest technology, including AI. No special understanding of the domain is needed as the use cases are identified by parents of children with autism and experts in the field. All they need to do is register and select the use case which interests them the most.

There will be trainings on AI, GitHub, and Autism leading up to the event. For more information check out the main site or the GitHub repository. Microsoft will be hosting the event and Accenture/Avanade will be supporting it.

I hope you will consider participating.


Peter, original founder and organizer for the event


The Financial Services Autism Hackathon was founded in 2018 with the mission to Bring FSI developers together to demonstrate how innovative Microsoft technologies can transform autism services for profound autism by tackling real world use cases provided by families and creating lasting open-source projects for the community. People with profound autism require round-the-clock care from an adult caregiver their entire lives. The use cases are chosen by parents and experts in the field of autism to ensure they are the most meaningful challenges facing families with profound autism. The developers come from financial service customer organizations such as Morgan Stanley, Nasdaq, Goldman Sachs, Bloomberg, State Street, Fidelity, etc. The use cases are led by Microsoft Cloud Solution Architects and Customer Success Managers who are familiar with running Proof of Concepts. The event is a hybrid event which generally draw 100+ participants.

Use Cases

  1. In-Session Copilot – Multi sensory data capture. Real-time identification of pre-designed triggers. Post-session summarization.
  2. Program Development CoPilot – Providing continuous assessment, summarization and re-plan using Generative AI to analyze past records and suggest individualized current goals.
  3. On-Boarding Copilot – Providing case summarization when onboarding at support organizations which is not time covered by insurance to help provide specific individualized solutions.
  4. Friendly Neighborhoods – A matching platform for RBT, BCBA, ABA, etc therapists and children.
  5. Hololens for Job Support – Skill based training with adaptive Generative AI to manage, evaluate and feedback.
  6. Metaverse Social Practice – Offer the Metaverse as an opportunity to practice social interactions in a fully immersive environment with Generative AI


On-site attendees

  • Day 1 â€“ Microsoft, 122 5th Ave, New York, NY 10003 – 10th floor
  • Day 2 & Reception – Microsoft Garage, 300 Lafayette Street, New York, NY 10012-2713

From the Sidelines to the Servers

March Madness, the annual collegiate basketball tournament, is a time of high stakes, intense strategy, and incredible leadership. It’s not just the players who are in the spotlight; the coaches play a pivotal role in guiding their teams through this highly competitive event. Interestingly, the lessons learned on the basketball court can be surprisingly applicable to the world of Information Technology (IT) management. Here, we explore how IT managers can draw valuable insights from the strategies and leadership styles of March Madness coaches.

Embracing the Team Spirit

March Madness Lesson: Coaches of top-performing teams in March Madness excel at fostering a strong sense of unity and team spirit. They understand that winning is a group effort, and everyone’s contribution is crucial.

IT Application: Similarly, in the world of IT, a manager must cultivate a team-centric environment. It’s essential to acknowledge that each team member brings unique skills and perspectives to the table. Collaborative projects, knowledge sharing sessions, and team-building activities can help in creating a cohesive and high-performing IT team.

Strategic Flexibility

March Madness Lesson: Basketball is a game of constant change, requiring coaches to adapt their strategies on the fly. Successful March Madness coaches are known for their ability to make swift decisions and alter their game plans as situations evolve.

IT Application: IT managers can learn from this by being flexible in their project management and problem-solving approaches. The IT landscape is rapidly changing, with new technologies and challenges emerging regularly. Managers need to be open to adjusting strategies, adopting new technologies, and pivoting when necessary to stay ahead.

Handling Pressure Gracefully

March Madness Lesson: Coaches in high-pressure games demonstrate incredible calmness and clarity, setting an example for their players. They manage stress effectively and maintain focus on the ultimate goal.

IT Application: IT managers often face high-pressure situations, such as dealing with security breaches, system downtimes, or tight project deadlines. Learning to handle these pressures calmly and efficiently is crucial. This involves not just technical prowess, but also emotional intelligence and stress management skills.

Developing Talent

March Madness Lesson: Coaches are adept at identifying and nurturing talent, often transforming average players into outstanding performers. They invest time in training and mentoring, helping each player to realize their full potential.

IT Application: In IT management, a similar approach is essential. Managers should focus on identifying the strengths and weaknesses of their team members and work on developing their skills. This can be achieved through targeted training programs, mentorship, and providing opportunities for professional growth.

Effective Communication

March Madness Lesson: Communication is key in basketball. Coaches are exceptional communicators, whether they’re giving instructions during a game or providing feedback in training.

IT Application: Effective communication is equally critical in IT management. Clear and concise communication can prevent misunderstandings, especially in projects involving complex technical details. Regular team meetings, open-door policies, and transparent communication channels are vital.

Resilience and Perseverance

March Madness Lesson: Coaches in the tournament often face setbacks, yet they show remarkable resilience. They instill a never-give-up attitude in their teams, encouraging them to persevere despite challenges.

IT Application: IT projects often encounter obstacles. IT managers can learn from March Madness coaches to foster resilience within their teams. This involves encouraging a problem-solving mindset, learning from failures, and celebrating small victories along the way.


The parallels between March Madness coaches and IT managers are striking. Both roles require leadership, adaptability, effective communication, and a knack for talent development. By adopting these leadership lessons from the basketball court, IT managers can lead their teams to success, much like a skilled coach leading a team to victory in March Madness.

The Matryoshka Effect in Leadership

Inspiring Leaders to Inspire Others

Leadership, a complex and multifaceted phenomenon, transcends the traditional boundaries of guiding and directing. It ventures into the realm of inspiration, much like the layers of a Matryoshka doll, where each leader nurtures and develops another. This article delves into the “Matryoshka Effect” in leadership, encapsulated by the adage, “You are not a leader until you have inspired another leader who can inspire another leader.”

Understanding the Matryoshka Effect

The Matryoshka Effect draws its analogy from the Russian nesting dolls, each doll opening up to reveal another, smaller but similar doll inside. In leadership, this effect mirrors the concept of leaders developing future leaders, who in turn cultivate their successors, thus creating a perpetual cycle of leadership growth and evolution. This model emphasizes the importance of legacy and the ripple effect one leader can have through generations of leadership.

The Importance of Inspiration in Leadership

Leadership is more than just managing tasks and people; it’s about inspiring others to reach their fullest potential. Inspirational leaders ignite a passion in others to strive for more, to challenge the status quo, and to achieve greater heights. This kind of leadership fosters an environment of continuous learning, growth, and development, essential for the cultivation of future leaders.

Cultivating Leaders Who Inspire Others

  1. Empowerment: Leaders must empower their followers, giving them the autonomy to make decisions and the confidence to lead in their own right.
  2. Mentorship and Coaching: A commitment to mentorship is key in developing future leaders. Through coaching and guidance, experienced leaders can impart wisdom and experience to their protégés.
  3. Modeling Behaviors: Future leaders learn by example. Leaders who demonstrate integrity, empathy, and resilience in the face of challenges inspire these qualities in their followers.
  4. Encouraging Innovation and Creativity: By fostering an environment where new ideas and creative solutions are valued, leaders can inspire their followers to think outside the box and lead innovatively.

Challenges and Solutions

While the Matryoshka Effect is idealistic, implementing it poses certain challenges. Resistance to change, lack of resources for leadership development, and short-term focus are common hurdles. Overcoming these challenges requires a strategic approach, including:

  • Institutionalizing Leadership Development: Making leadership development a part of the organizational culture.
  • Long-term Vision and Commitment: Leaders need to have a long-term vision for leadership development.
  • Continuous Learning and Adaptation: Adapting leadership styles and strategies to fit the evolving needs of the organization and its people.


The Matryoshka Effect in leadership is a powerful concept that goes beyond the traditional scope of leadership. It’s about creating a lineage of leaders who are capable of inspiring and developing future leaders. This cascading influence ensures the longevity and effectiveness of leadership within any organization. By embracing this model, leaders can create a lasting impact that transcends time and continues to inspire generations to come.

The Essential Steps for Building High Performing Teams

High performing teams are the cornerstone of successful organizations. These teams are characterized by their ability to effectively collaborate, innovate, and consistently deliver outstanding results. To build such a team, there are several crucial steps that need to be considered: establishing a clear purpose, fostering trust, ensuring reliability, maintaining clarity, managing conflict, achieving results, and creating an impact.

Purpose: The Foundation of High Performance

The journey to high performance begins with a clear and compelling purpose. This purpose acts as the North Star for the team, guiding all decisions and actions. A well-defined purpose answers the question, “Why does our team exist?” It aligns team members towards a common goal and inspires them to bring their best selves to work each day.

Trust: The Bedrock of Team Dynamics

Trust is the foundation of any high-performing team. It is cultivated through consistent, honest, and respectful communication. Trust allows team members to feel safe in taking risks, sharing ideas, and expressing their true thoughts and feelings. This psychological safety is crucial for fostering an environment where creativity and innovation can thrive.

Reliability: The Key to Team Consistency

Reliability in a team means that each member consistently meets or exceeds expectations. This consistency is achieved through a clear understanding of roles, responsibilities, and deadlines. When team members are reliable, it creates a rhythm of predictability and stability, allowing the team to function smoothly and efficiently.

Clarity: Ensuring Everyone is on the Same Page

Clarity involves ensuring that every team member understands the team’s objectives, their individual roles, and how these roles contribute to the team’s overall goals. This clarity is maintained through regular communication, transparent processes, and a shared vision. It helps in minimizing misunderstandings and keeping everyone aligned.

Conflict: A Catalyst for Growth

Conflict is inevitable in any team, but it’s not necessarily negative. Managed effectively, conflict can be a powerful catalyst for growth and innovation. High-performing teams embrace healthy conflict, using it to challenge ideas and assumptions in a way that respects individual differences but ultimately strengthens the team’s output.

Results: The Measure of Success

The ultimate measure of a high-performing team is the results it produces. These teams set high standards and ambitious goals. They measure their progress rigorously and hold themselves accountable for achieving their objectives. This results-oriented mindset ensures that the team is always moving forward and improving.

Impact: Beyond Achieving Goals

Finally, high-performing teams seek to create a lasting impact. This goes beyond merely achieving set goals and involves making a significant, positive change in the organization or even the wider community. The focus on impact drives team members to think bigger and work towards meaningful, long-term outcomes.

In conclusion, building a high-performing team is a deliberate and strategic process that requires attention to purpose, trust, reliability, clarity, conflict, results, and impact. By focusing on these key elements, organizations can cultivate teams that are not only successful in their immediate goals but also contribute to the broader vision and long-term success of the organization.

The Seven Layers of Listening: Unlocking Effective Communication

Effective communication is essential in our personal and professional lives. A critical aspect often overlooked is the art of listening. Listening is more than just hearing words; it involves understanding and interpreting the layers of meaning behind those words. In this article, we explore the seven layers of listening: facts, emotions, values, beliefs, motivators, currency, and worth.

1. Facts

The first layer is the most basic: the factual content of what is being said. This is about understanding the literal information being communicated. Active listeners pay attention to the details and nuances of this information, ensuring they grasp the ‘what’, ‘when’, ‘where’, and ‘how’.

2. Emotions

The second layer delves into the feelings behind the words. Emotional listening involves sensing joy, frustration, anger, or sadness in the speaker’s voice. This level of listening requires empathy, allowing the listener to connect with the speaker’s emotional state.

3. Values

Values are the principles or standards of behavior that are important to the speaker. This layer of listening seeks to understand these underlying values. It requires discernment, as values may not be explicitly stated but are often implied in how someone speaks about a topic.

4. Beliefs

Beliefs are the convictions or acceptances that something exists or is true, especially without proof. This layer of listening involves understanding these deeply held beliefs, which shape the speaker’s perspective. Listeners should be open-minded and non-judgmental to truly appreciate this layer.

5. Motivators

This layer focuses on understanding what drives the speaker. Motivators could be ambitions, fears, desires, or needs. Effective listening at this level can reveal the ‘why’ behind the speaker’s words, providing deeper insight into their actions and intentions.

6. Currency

Currency, in this context, refers to what holds value for the speaker. This could be tangible, like money or time, or intangible, like respect or recognition. Understanding this layer helps in appreciating what the speaker prioritizes and cherishes.

7. Worth

The final layer is understanding the speaker’s sense of self-worth or the worth they assign to others or situations. This is a profound level of listening that acknowledges and validates the speaker’s identity and worldview.

In conclusion, mastering the seven layers of listening enhances communication and fosters stronger relationships. It involves not just hearing but truly understanding what is being communicated on multiple levels. By cultivating skills in these layers, we can become more effective communicators, empathetic listeners, and insightful interpreters of the complex human experience.

Bracketology for Data Analysts

As March Madness sweeps across the nation, data analysts can draw valuable lessons from the art of bracketology. This annual college basketball phenomenon isn’t just a sporting event; it’s a treasure trove of data and a showcase of predictive analytics in action. Here’s how data analysts can apply the principles of bracketology to enhance their predictive analytics skills.

Understanding the Game: What is Bracketology?

Bracketology is the process of predicting the outcome of the NCAA Basketball Tournament. It involves analyzing various data points, from team performance statistics to historical trends. This process mirrors the challenges faced by data analysts across industries, where making accurate predictions is often crucial.

Tip #1: Embrace the Power of Historical Data

In bracketology, historical performance is a key indicator. Similarly, in predictive analytics, historical data is invaluable. Data analysts should delve into past data to identify patterns and trends. This can involve looking at seasonal trends, historical successes and failures, and long-term performance metrics.

Tip #2: Factor in the Variables

Just like in basketball, where player injuries or unexpected upsets can turn the tables, business environments are full of variables. Data analysts must consider external factors such as market trends, economic shifts, and competitor actions. Incorporating a range of variables into your models can lead to more robust and accurate predictions.

Tip #3: Understand that Context is Key

Contextual understanding is crucial in both bracketology and predictive analytics. The ability to interpret data within the context of the current environment is what separates good predictions from bad ones. This means staying up-to-date with the latest industry news, understanding the competitive landscape, and being aware of any significant changes that might impact your predictions.

Tip #4: Utilize Advanced Analytical Techniques

Bracketologists often use advanced statistical models to predict outcomes. Similarly, data analysts should employ sophisticated analytical methods like machine learning algorithms, regression analysis, and neural networks. These techniques can uncover deeper insights and patterns that simpler models might miss.

Tip #5: Always Be Prepared for Upsets

March Madness is famous for its upsets, where lower-ranked teams beat the odds to defeat their higher-ranked opponents. In business, disruptive events can similarly upend predictions. Analysts must design their models to account for these possibilities, perhaps by incorporating risk assessment metrics or scenario planning.

Conclusion: A Game of Predictions

Bracketology is more than a hobby for sports enthusiasts; it’s a lesson in predictive analytics. By studying its principles, data analysts can improve their forecasting abilities, learning to adapt to uncertainty and complexity. In the end, whether it’s the chaotic world of college basketball or the dynamic realm of business, the goal remains the same: making the best possible predictions with the information at hand.

The Philosophy of Programming: Reflecting on Stroustrup’s Famous Quote

In the diverse and ever-evolving landscape of programming languages, a quote by Bjarne Stroustrup, the creator of C++, offers a profound insight that resonates with both novice and experienced programmers alike. Stroustrup famously said, “There are only two kinds of languages: the ones people complain about and the ones nobody uses.” This statement, seemingly humorous at first glance, unravels deep truths about programming languages and the communities that use them.

Bjarne Stroustrup standing next to Peter Smulovics

The Universality of Criticism in Popular Languages

At the heart of Stroustrup’s observation is the notion that popular programming languages will inevitably attract criticism. This phenomenon can be attributed to several factors:

  1. Widespread Use: Languages like Java, Python, and JavaScript are used by millions of developers. This vast user base means more exposure to diverse problem sets, revealing the language’s limitations and idiosyncrasies.
  2. Legacy Code: Popular languages carry legacy features that might not align with modern programming practices, leading to frustration among developers who seek more streamlined and efficient methodologies.
  3. Community Expectations: As a language grows, so do the expectations of its user community. Developers often push for new features or changes, leading to debates and complaints about the language’s direction.

Obscurity and Lack of Use

On the other end of the spectrum are the languages that “nobody uses.” These could be languages that are:

  1. Highly Specialized: Some languages are designed for specific industries or niches, making them less known to the broader programming community.
  2. New or Experimental: Emerging languages might not have gained traction yet, or they might serve as experimental fields for new concepts in programming.
  3. Outdated: Older languages that have been superseded by more modern alternatives often fall into obscurity.

The Middle Ground

Interestingly, Stroustrup’s dichotomy hints at a middle ground. Languages that strike a balance between widespread use and manageable levels of criticism tend to evolve effectively. These languages manage to adapt over time, addressing the concerns of their user base while maintaining relevance and usability.

Reflection on Language Design

Stroustrup’s quote also serves as a commentary on language design. It suggests that perfect language design is unattainable—not because of a lack of expertise, but because of the evolving and diverse needs of users. A language that is perfect for a certain task or at a particular time may not hold the same status as new requirements emerge.


Bjarne Stroustrup’s quote encapsulates a fundamental truth in software development: the utility and popularity of a programming language are often accompanied by criticism. This criticism is not necessarily a sign of failure; rather, it indicates engagement and ongoing use. In the grand tapestry of programming, languages are constantly evolving, influenced by the communities that use and critique them. The vitality of a programming language, therefore, lies not in its perfection, but in its ability to adapt, evolve, and continue to be relevant to its users.

The Intricate Dance of Thoughts and Words

Understanding the Introvert-Extrovert Communication Paradigm

In the intricate ballet of human interaction, the distinction between introverts and extroverts often hinges on their respective communication styles. A keen observation articulates this difference succinctly: an introvert needs to think to remember to speak, whereas an extrovert must remember to think before speaking. This insightful perspective not only sheds light on the fundamental cognitive processes underlying their communication but also emphasizes the varied pathways through which different personalities engage with the world.

The Introvert’s Path: Thinking to Speak

Introverts are often characterized by their reflective nature. They tend to process information internally, pondering over thoughts and ideas before verbalizing them. This internal dialogue is not just a preference but a necessity for many introverts, who find that their best thoughts and most articulate expressions emerge from a well of contemplation.

This introspective approach means that introverts may need a moment to gather their thoughts during conversations. Their responses, therefore, might not be as immediate or spontaneous as their extroverted counterparts, but they are often deeply considered. In group settings, this can sometimes be mistaken for disinterest or aloofness, whereas it’s merely a case of an introvert needing to think in order to remember to articulate their viewpoint.

The Extrovert’s Challenge: Remembering to Think Before Speaking

On the flip side of the coin are extroverts, who are generally more outwardly expressive and derive energy from social interactions. Extroverts typically process their thoughts through speaking, finding clarity and direction in the act of verbal expression. This external processing can lead to a quick and fluid conversational style, marked by enthusiasm and immediacy.

However, this immediacy can sometimes be a double-edged sword. In their eagerness to participate and engage, extroverts may find themselves speaking before fully considering their words, leading to situations where they must ‘put the brakes on’ and remember to think before speaking. This isn’t to say extroverts are thoughtless, but rather that their natural inclination leans more towards immediate verbal expression, sometimes at the expense of prior reflection.

Bridging the Gap

Understanding these differences in communication styles is crucial in fostering effective interactions between introverts and extroverts. Encouraging a space where introverts feel comfortable taking their time to respond, and where extroverts are mindful of their impulsive speech, can lead to more meaningful and balanced conversations.

It’s also important to recognize that these descriptions are not absolute. People may exhibit characteristics of both introversion and extroversion, depending on the context or their mood. This fluidity suggests that while certain tendencies may predominate, adaptability in communication is always possible.


The dance between thought and speech in introverts and extroverts is a fascinating aspect of human communication. By understanding and respecting these differences, we can enhance our interactions and appreciate the unique perspectives each personality type brings to the table. In a world rich with diversity, acknowledging and adapting to these differences is key to harmonious and effective communication.